Are you interested in starting a poultry farm, and you are confused or don’t even know where, how, and the necessary things to put in place in order to get your farm running.
This guide will enlighten you about poultry farming and various ways to make money from this lucrative business anywhere you find yourself.
At the hearings of poultry farms, many do think it all about the rearing of chicken such as broilers, cockerels or raising of layers for the productions of eggs.
Well, the list goes beyond that, but those are the most common when it comes to poultry farming.
What are The Types of Poultry Farming Business?
The truth is poultry farming is more than the rearing of chicken alone but the raising of birds such as turkeys, chickens, ducks, guinea fowl, ostriches, quails and so on.
The list goes on and on, but for this guide, I will be stressing more on chickens, ducks, turkeys, and quail for the numerous health benefits It posses.
Chicken will be our main focus in this article, the methods of setting up a chicken poultry farm business can also be applied when setting up farms for the other species in this group.
However, from the list above chicken is by far the leading species you get anywhere. It also constitutes about 91% of the world poultry population, followed by duck which has 5%, then turkey which has 2%, and other birds made up the list.
Small Scale Poultry Farming
All the birds in the list below can be raised in your yard with little difficulties. You can choose to go for a small scale or large scale base on the capital and other resources you have at hand.
- Broilers for meat production
- Layers for egg production
- Turkey for meat production
- Duck also for meat production
- Quail for its egg production
Poultry Farming Business Idea for Beginners
Now that you have known the types of poultry farms that we have, you might be cautious of which one to choose.
Besides, raising chicken alone there other sub-niches under the poultry farming business you can explore which includes;
- Feed making or selling
- Equipment making or selling
- Meat production (Broilers),
- Poultry processing and packaging (frozen foods)
- Poultry consultancy services
Did you know that these sub-niches is applicable to all the birds in the small scale farming? Yes, that’s just how profitable poultry farming can be for anyone going into the poultry business. Now let’s walk you through how to start your poultry farm.
How to Start Poultry Farming
To start a poultry farming business, below list are the process you will need to follow for a successful startup
Ignoring any step on this list might be detrimental to your business, and that’s is why you don’t have to ignore any part of the list. I urge you to read through because it will be very helpful.
- Learn about the business
- feasibility study
- Choose Your Poultry Sector
- Site your farm location
- Put up a poultry farm structure
- Your poultry farm equipment
- Poultry workers
- Buying of chicks
- Marketing Your Farm Products
- Record Keeping
Learn About the Business
- It is important to learn about anything you will be doing, so it doesn’t turn to be a waste of time, capital and energy.
Learning about any business will prepare you for what is ahead, you know what to do, how to do and when to do.
For instance, this article won’t cover the medication aspect of your poultry farm, because this is just an outline of what you need to know.
Tell me if your birds (let me use layers for instance) egg production reduces or they start laying eggs with a soft shell, what will you do?
So it’s very important to learn about the business before thinking of starting because that will prepare you for the challenges ahead.
- This very important for any business you are willing to start now or in the future, this is not a business plan but is very import for your business.
A feasibility study done on your poultry farm will show you how viable (achievable) the business is,
- technical viability, operation viability, business model viability, and so on.
A proper outline of your feasibility study for your farm business includes
- the introduction, technology, product, market environment, industry, financial projections, regulations and risk factors.
When this is done properly, it will give you a lead about the rest steps on the list.
Choose Your Poultry Sector
Haven carried out your feasibility study now you should know which of the poultry sector that would sell the most in the nearest market.
Since we are focusing on the chicken aspect, the questions you want to ask yourself are,
- are you going for the layers or broilers, or there are too many in that field and they are all hatching from a faraway place.
It’s up to you to decide on the sector you want to operate your poultry farm, below are some of the niche you can choose from.
- Egg and meat processing
- Meat production (Broilers breeding)
- Poultry feed production
- Egg production (Layers breeding)
- Chicken breeding (Hatchery)
While learning and carrying out your feasibility study about the business,
- you will know the ideal amount of capital that would be required to start any of the niches you want to choose.
Site Your Farm Location
While siting your farm location, certain factors need to be put into consideration which includes
- How close is your farm to the market where your products will be sold
- Is there a motorable route to the farm for people to come for your products and also for you to get your product out to the people?
- Will you be able to get adequate water and power supply to your farm
- what about adequate security
only if you will be keeping around 100 birds, you need to know that you can site your farm in a residential area because of the odor that will be coming from the waste of the birds.
Put up a poultry farm structure
Setting up a farm structure will be the next step after siting your farm in a suitable area. To set up a farm structure there are three types you can use for your farm, though only two are preferred and depending on the niche you choose.
The three are:
- Free-range system: in this system, the birds are given the freedom to roam about and fend from particles they found around. It is not recommended since you do not have control of the birds.
- The housing sawdust system: The house where the birds will be kept is filled with sawdust, and the chicks can move freely within the enclosure. The sawdust needs to be changed regularly in order to keep the birds safe from disease. This is recommended for broilers breeding
- The caging system: Here the birds are housed in cages. This caging system makes provision for the feeding of the birds, easy laying and picking off the birds’ egg and dropping off their poop/ waste. The caging system is highly recommended for the layers because each group of birds are housed in a separate cage that gives the birds freedom of association but it could be expensive. The battery caging system and the sawdust system must be large enough to give the bird’s freedom and good ventilation.
Your Poultry Farm Equipment
After deciding on the type of farm structure you want to use, you will need to place in your farm equipment. Below is the list of farm equipment you will be needing for your poultry farm business
- Feeders: the device for supplying feeds to the birds
- Cages: Boxes made especially for keeping birds
- Brooders or heaters: A heated structure for raising young fowl.
- Waterers: The device used for supplying water to the birds
- Nests: The place chickens lay eggs.
- Incubators: Device to keep eggs warm until they are hatched
- Waste/disposal system
Your Poultry Farm Equipment
If you will be operating on a small scale between (400 to 800) I recommend that you manage it yourself together with your family if you would like.
As a beginner, I suggest you operate a small scale to gather lots of experience before you can move further.
It is always advisable to engage the service of a professional once you notice any irregularity within the atmosphere of the birds so you don’t lose your capital.
You must explore for trusted poultry farmers and purchase from them, try to avoid the danger of buying unhealthy chicks.
If you have learned about the business, this shouldn’t be a problem,
- because you would have inquired where and how to get the best chick for your business.
For instance, I recommend getting the brown hairy layers when going for layers based on my experience.
As a beginner, it is advisable to buy ready-made feeds that have all the necessary requirements to keep your chicks healthy.
- You have that everywhere within the country. If you wish to produce your feeds yourself make sure you have enough experience and you know what it takes.
It is important that you also vaccinate your birds at the right time, maintain proper hygiene and provide them with clean water.
Marketing Your Farm Products
Whatever niche you choose, either the egg production or the meat production the market is available but you need loyal customers. This way you need to satisfy demands or else you will lose customers.
To market your product you need not be shy of rejection, which I’m sure you won’t because you have invested a lot. You need to reach out to retailers/wholesalers who sell your products, collect their contact and reach out to them when your product is available.
- Record keeping
Daily records need to be kept. There is a need to keep track of mortality, feed consumption, age, water usage, the medication, vaccination, daily egg production, and records of any management or disease problems. These records are very important in planning for future poultry projects, making estimations, forecasting, and disease control programs.
Like any other business, poultry farming has its ups and downs and can be profitable when handled the right way.
To be successful in this business you need to be focus, learn, and play by its rules and also be prepared for several uncertainties that would affect birds while raising them.